Manufacturers of Cement in Nigeria may be on the brink of a fresh competition tussle, following the reported cut in the price of the essential commodity implemented by the nation’s largest producer, Dangote Group.
Dangote Cement, also Africa’s largest producer of the product, recently cut prices in the local market in a move to further boost cement consumption.
The price cuts to its 3X cement brand by N6,000 ($30.23) per metric tonne, translating to N300 reduction per 50kg bag, allows Dangote to still achieve strong returns, CEO Dangote Cement, Onne van der Weijde, said in Lagos yesterday.
Meanwhile, a survey across the country revealed that distributors and retailers are beginning to implement the new price regime, resulting in gradual decline in the price of cement across the country.
A retailer in Benin City, Edo State, Sebastian Iwemgiwe, noted that the essential building which was sold at N1,850 per 50kg bag has, since last week, come down to N1,650 per bag and is likely to decline further.
The claim of price reduction was corroborated by other retailers, including Opeloyeru Eniola in Ojodu area of Lagos State, who said: Although I am still selling my old stock, I am aware that the price for the next supply has been reduced.
While observers are of the opinion that the ongoing African operation expansion must have given Dangote cement a leeway to bring down domestic price of the product, the cement giant is also reportedly hoping the lower prices would help increase export sales to neighbouring countries where it has no presence yet.
Team head, Chapel Denham, Tajudeen Ibrahim, had in reaction to the reports of price reduction by Dangote Cement said: “We expect the other cement producers such as WAPCO, UNICEM and AshakaCem in the Lafarge Africa Group and Cement Company of Northern Nigeria, to cut cement prices, being price-takers in the industry.
“The sales volumes of the cement industry may however not rise on the back of the price cut, as the relationship between price and consumption is weak,” said Ibrahim.
According to the analyst, the drag in infrastructure developments due to government’s weakening fiscal strength and pressured consumer wallets would slow down the demand for building materials, industry watchers say.
Gross domestic product expanded 2.35 per cent on an annual basis, compared with 3.96 per cent a quarter earlier, according to data from the National Bureau of Statistics, (NBS).
“Competition has no choice but to bring down the price because Dangote is the market leader,” said Pabina Yinkere, head of research at Lagos-based Vetiva Capital Management.
The latest earnings update showed the four major players in the industry are in a growth spurt, despite the economic doldrums bedeviling consumer goods firms.
The cumulative revenues of the four dominant cement makers (Dangote, Lafarge, Ashaka and Cement Company of Northern Nigeria), as reported in their (H1) 2015 results, rose by 13.02 per cent, to N378.40 billion, from N334.79 billion last year.
The cumulative net profit of these firms increased by 24 per cent to N156.94 billion in June 2015 as against N126.17 billion last year, as alternative cheap source of energy continues to cut costs and bolster bottom line.
Industry players expect the rapid urbanisation to increase the demand for building materials.
Dangote Cement has announced its intention to increase its cement production capacity in Nigeria by 20 per cent to 35.25mn tonnes per annum from 29.25mn tonnes per annum currently. The new fully integrated plant, which will be completed within the next 30 months, will be located in Itori, Ogun State, close to Lafarge Africa’s cement plant at Ewekoro. The plant will have two lines each of 3.0 million tonnes capacity.
Dangote Cement, controlled by Africa’s richest man, Aliko Dangote, is seeking to grow sales and protect market share in Nigeria, while rapidly expanding elsewhere in sub-Saharan Africa. The company has grappled with fuel shortages in its home market this year that have hurt demand.
Nigeria, Africa’s biggest crude producer, has been hobbled by a halving of oil prices in the past year and the toll of an Islamist insurgency in the country’s north.
“We hope that reducing the cost of cement will help to stimulate building work across Nigeria at a time when the economy is in need of a boost,” Van der Weijde said: “We believe our cost-saving initiatives and new pricing strategy will help to support the naira by reducing unnecessary imports and by enabling us to generate valuable foreign exchange earnings.”
About 42 per cent of Dangote’s cement sales by volume were sold outside of Nigeria in July, the company said in the statement, compared with 22 per cent in the first six months of the year, and just 8 per cent in 2014.